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Child Marriage In India

Introduction

Child marriage is a major social concern and a violation of children’s rights – whether it happens to a girl or a boy – as it denies the basic rights to health, nutrition, education, freedom from violence, abuse and exploitation and deprives the child of his/her childhood. In India,  nearly half (43%) of women aged 20 to 24 are married before the age of 18. There has been a decline in the incidence of child marriage nationally and in nearly all states (from 54% in 1992-3 to 43% in 2007-08), but the pace of change remains slow.(Source of data Child marriage fact sheet unicef Child marriage affects both boys and girls but impacts girls with higher incidence and more intensity. It has important consequences on the development and full growth of the girl as it is associated with increased risks of maternal and child mortality, low levels of education, and exposure to violence, isolation and confinement. Unicef Fact sheet on child marriage 2011 shows In Orissa child marriage average is 34.7% (Percentage of women age 20-24 married before age by State (DLHS 3, 2007-2008)) .In proposed project district the same data reflects incidence of child marriage in Boudh is 34.9%, Sambalpur 26.6% ,Bargarh 32.7% and Bolangir 16.4%.

 

The proposed project aim to empower adolescent and youth with the age group of 12-21 on health issues, empower them on Sexual and reproductive health care and prevent them to become a victim of the social system and create access to govt. ongoing schemes and facilities.

Target Group:

 Our major target group is 12-21 years adolescent and Youth. (Both school going and dropouts)

Name of the Lead –YCDA

Name of the partners YCDA, AJKA , ADARSA,PAP and SIDI

Geographical location –Western Orissa comprising 4 districts namely Sambalpur,Bolangir ,Boudh and Bargarh .

Name of the partner

District

Total village

YCDA

Boudh

20

ADARSA

Sambalpur

20

SIDI

Sambalpur

20

AJKA

Bargarh

20

PAP

Bolangir

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goal

Reducing Child Marriages by 50% & Strengthening SRHR among Adolescents & Youth by 2015’

Objectives

  • —Improve adolescent's and youth’s knowledge on SRH and access to their services
  • —Enhance access to formal education and ensure retention amongst adolescent's girls
  • —To educate & mobilize communities towards change  in behavioural, traditional and religious practices
  • Influence govt. policies, institutional mechanisms and services on CM & SRHR

 

Intervention Strategies

  • Strengthening the position of girls (empowerment) and impart important knowledge for use in their daily lives eg sexuality and their rights.
  • —Improving access to formal educationfor girls.
  • —Involvement of local communities to change harmful social, traditional and religious norms
  • —Advocacy and policy influenceWorking with Grievance redressal system, advocacy and working closely with policies and programmes for convergence)

 

 

Activities

  • Situation analysis and Baseline (secondary data, Data Collection, analysis and documentation)
  • Staff selection and induction
  • Programme launching
  • Formation of adolescent groups and networking and regular discuss on SRHR
  • Organize capacity building training for 600 Change agents on Prevent Child marriage /SRHR issues. (6*20*5)
  • Facilitate Sexual and Reproductive Health Education at village level (SRH) 5500 Adolescent boys and girls
  • Identify dropout girls and mainstream in formal school with support of SMC and SHG
  • Change agents in school discuss the importance of education to fight dropout as a tool against child marriage
  • Change Agents organize awareness activities around the dangers of child marriage
  • Develop different IEC/BCC material   and audio visual documents on SRHR and dissemination
  • Advocacy with Education, health and sanitation dept

Recent News

Friday, 04 November 2016

Celebration of Dan Utsav

YCDA in collaboration with JITM, Bolangir a premier education institute organized Dan Utsav on 6th October 2016.The prime objective of the programme is to Celebrate success and spread the message of an act of giving & evoking that the happiness not only gives happy to the receivers but it gives much happy to the givers as “The Power of Giving is greater than Joy of Receiving”. With the support of YCDA these children are rehabilitated in the Family based non-institutional forms of child care. The JITM student, staffs and management came forward to join their hand to fulfill the wish of the children living under non institutional care. On this occasion gifts were distributed among 37 children. The Children were spreading happiness through putting happy dots.

Special Olympics

Special Olympics has been accredited program and reached out to the children who never get opportunity to participate in a common platform to show their talents .YCDA has taken this opportunity of organizing this programme. Two days programme i.e 1st & 2nd October ,16 was conducted for the special children where more than 200 children from all three blocks of Boudh District have participated in the different events conducted and get encourage for expressing their potentiality and innovative skills. During the inauguration and validation ceremony the district administrative and the other line department personals including the District Collector Mr. Madhusudan Mishra joined and encouraged to the children.

Tarang- SBCC Training to ASHAs on Routine Immunisation

YCDA in collaboration with NRHM & health department is continuing Tarang-SBCC training programme at YCDA Baunsuni Mahanadi Conference Hall. This time participants are from Boudh & Kantamal block. Major thrust of the programme is to train ASHAs on demand generation of routine immunization & maintain health, hygiene.

Workshop on the Child Rights & Protection

YCDA has been organized a pro-community programmes called G.P. level workshop in 6 GPs of Boudh & Bolangir Districts and sharing the findings among the stakeholders with a view to bringing all of them to a common platform where their awareness level of child rights need to upturned and they would prepare a plan of action, with our support, to sort out many issues like Birth Certificate, Malnutrition, Dropout, unsafe AWC buildings, boundary-less school and roads replete with potholes.

Children Camps

The Children Camps was organised by YCDA in 10 clusters of Boudh & Bolangir districts. The programme was provided significant platform to the children either deprived or who have not got this opportunity to attend and enjoy, through this programme it was showcased the hidden talents and their knowledge of children. Apart from it children could get the opportunity to learn the Child rights & protection systems existed in the community. The programme was a grand success because of the required cooperation from the all the teachers who are voluntarily taken their responsibility of smooth managements. We are thankful to them and for their kind cooperation.

Annual Review cum Planning Workshop

A two days annual cum planning workshop has been organised by YCDA at Gopalpur. All the staffs working in the organisation gathered for two days to reflect their progress and concern. The programme heads of the project present their achievements against milestone fixed and planned for the coming year. The feedbacks from management helped a lot for shaping the future direction of the programme. Existing policies of the organisation has been reviewed & appropriate action taken.

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